It has been introduced to many parts of north america, where it is found in grassland, prairie, and desert shrub ecosystems. Kochia indica pdf kochia indica wight in egypt kochia indica wight in egypt. In vitro antitumor efficacy of kochia indica extract on. Kochia synonyms, kochia pronunciation, kochia translation, english dictionary definition of kochia. Request pdf effects of dietary inclusion of dried kochia indica wight tree foliages on growth performance and nutrient digestibility of growing rabbits this study presents an experimental. In california it is found in the central valley, san francisco bay region, central coast, south coast, mojave and sonoran deserts, and the great basin to about 4900 feet 1500 m.
Kochia, a native of asia, was introduced from europe. Roth continues to be a serious weed problem in western kansas, especially with the development of resistance to atrazine, alsinhibitor, and glyphosate herbicides. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. It can be found in crop fields, pastures, rangeland, roadsides, ditch banks, and wastelands. Annual or biennial herb, up to 2 m, softly villous or pubescent, stem pale, brown to yellowish, with many spreading.
This lincoln county farmer harvested around his patch of kochia. Kochia grows wild throughout much of the country, including the upper midwest. For example, the value of ic 50 of kochia indica extract was found to be 120. As with all weedy species the kochia speciesgroup exhibits much variability in its various characteristics. Gardeners like this annual plant for its bright red foliage in autumn. Growth and competitiveness of sulfonyhirearesistant and susceptible kochia kochia scoparia volume 42 issue 2 curtis r. According to its most recent description, the genus is defined by its three types of c 4 kochioid leaf anatomy. Along with his son,ben,adams operates a 650head commercial angus cow herd in the northern part of the.
Kochia litter appears to have allelopathic properties that affect certain plants. The paper deals with the rootrot ofkochia indica wight caused byrhizoctonia solani kuhn which secures successful infection through the root of the host. Bassia is a genus of flowering plants in the amaranth family, amaranthaceae. Shrubs free delivery possible on eligible purchases. Plant details information about kochia indica plant. The plants were irrigated with underground brackish water with ec of 4. On the root rot of kochia indica wight springerlink. An illustrated flora of the northern united states, canada and the british possessions. The record derives from tropicos which reports it as an accepted name record 7200104 with original publication details.
In vitro antitumor efficacy of kochia indica extract on human. Kochia provides cover and the seeds are used as food by both songbirds and upland game birds stubbendieck et al. Distribution maps top of page you can pan and zoom the map. Effect of kochia kochia indica plant density on yield and. Kochia is also eaten by deer and pronghorn stubbendieck et al.
The present study investigate the effect of kochia indica extract using vicia faba l assay. Kochia indica pdf, jrx218s pdf writer, chechiyum aniyanum kambi kadha pdf. The soil salinity of the experimental site ranged from 4. Apr 18, 2016 kochia seeds germinate at shallow soil depths.
Four experimental diets were prepared in which 25, 50, 75 and 100% of the berseem hay trifolium alexandrinum l. Pdf kochia scoparia contained triterpenoid glycosides, alkaloids, saponins, and many other compounds. Kochia provides cover and the seeds are used as food by both songbirds and upland game birds stubbendieck et kochia valuable for poultry feed friesen et al. Similarly, bassia indica plays a severe role in suppressing plant diversity. The larger kochia get, the more difficult it is to control. Many are concerned that because forage kochia is an introduced species it may spread vigorously throughout western rangelands. Usda, ars, germplasm resources information network. The percentage of germination and plant height are dose and time dependent, probably due to alterations. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. A weed report from the book weed control in natural areas in the western united states kochia and fivehook bassia 2 of 3 20 forage for sheep in small amounts. Identification and management of kochia and russian thistle. Abstract the genus kochia and bassia with which it has been combined, of chenopodiaceae tribe. Acaricidal activities of extracts of kochia scoparia against.
During october 1999, two of the authors waldron, harrison participated in a forage kochia germplasm collection trip to kazakhstan. The external and internal symptomatology of the diseased plants has been described. In some experiments, cattle have lost weight and some have died when fed only kochia. The present study evaluated the aboveground phytomass and nutrient composition of the different organs of kochia indica wight, a summer annual weed. At least one farmer used kochia as a cover crop to suppress wild proso millet cramer, 1992. Buy 50 burning bush kochia scoparia shrub seeds by seedville. Kochia indica wight the plant list many other characters cannot be used to differentiate species from one another, because they are variable among individuals within the species. As mentioned earlier, kochia is a good source of protein for ruminant animals. Kochia is an erect summer annual broadleaf plant that is difficult to differentiate from fivehook bassia, bassia hyssopifolia.
Kochia kochia scoparia, a classb nondesignate noxious weed in lincoln county, wash. Whywe need to be alert to kochia although kochia was deliberately. Bassia indica in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. Effect of kochia kochia indica plant density on yield and some physiological characteristics of sorghum under salinity stress. Forage kochia has nutritive value and environmental benefit. Kochia indica wight family amaranthaceae view larger.
Further details may be available for individual references in the distribution table details section which can be. It is an annual plant that reproduces from seeds only. Department of agriculture agricultural research service. This study reports antifungal activity of nbutanol fraction of methanolic leaf extract of kochia indica.
Kochia scoparia grass information about kochia control. Data obtained from in vitro study on kochia indica extract, 5fu and combination treatment showed a significant cytotoxic effect to hepg 2 cultured cells, with different ic 50 values, when compared to the control. The foliage contains variable amounts of potassium oxalate which is toxic in large amounts and an unidentified substance that can cause digestive tract problems. Data are given for kochia indica seeds showing retention of viability after storage for various periods of time open to the air under laboratory conditions, open at 30 c. Four concentrations of 10, 20, 30 and 40% were applied for three time duration 6, 12, 24 h. Kochia bassia scoparia flowering seed formation seed drop dieback germination jan feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec general growth pattern growth pattern under suitable conditions 2 weed management guide kochia bassia scoparia fences catch the tumbleweeds and can be sites of large infestations. Major flushes of kochia emerge in early march and into april. According to mobarak 1994 bassia is represented in egypt by three species, viz. Kochia indica wight is an accepted name this name is the accepted name of a species in the genus kochia family amaranthaceae. Dec 07, 2016 data obtained from in vitro study on kochia indica extract, 5fu and combination treatment showed a significant cytotoxic effect to hepg 2 cultured cells, with different ic 50 values, when compared to the control. Since kochia is so like so many desirable plants, there never will be a biocontrol. Kochia kochia scoparia is one of the most troublesome weeds across the great plains and western united states.
Bassia indica, salt stress, bacillus subtilis, photosynthetic pigments, phospholipids, auxin. It has been introduced as an ornamental and become naturalised throughout most of europe, argentina, canada, united states, africa, new zealand and parts of temperate asia including china and japan. Pdf phytomass and nutrient status of kochia indica, a promising. Plant details information about kochia indica plant several other species formerly classified in bassia are now treated in new genera in the subfamily camphorosmoideaesome of them monotypic. His best known written work was a treatise on german and swiss flora entitled synopsis florae germanicae et helveticae 183537.
Pem caused by thiamine inadequacy in cattle and sheep and sulfur toxicosis in cattle. Saponins from the fructus of kochia scoparia springerlink. Effect of temperature and desiccation during storage on. Kochia kochia scoparia, a classb nondesignate noxious weed in franklin county, wash.
They have a shrubby nature and are therefore often used as a hedge plant. The kochia chronicles take readers headlong into the lives and adventures of people in this quintessential african village as they usher in an era of design, innovation and entrepreneurship. When growing belvedere and other kochia plants in the garden it is best to sow the seeds on the surface a couple of weeks before the last frost of spring is expected. Kochia control weed control agronomy sunflower district. Kochia, which can produce up to 30,000 seeds per plant. However, some people are concerned that it will invade and suppress or eliminate native plant populations. Photosynthetic type has been identified as a character of. Kochia kochia scoparia is an earlyemerging summer annual species commonly found in the western united states it is a herbaceous dicot and member of the chenopodiaceae family the same botanical family as common lambsquarters. Effects of dietary inclusion of dried kochia indica wight. Kochia indica wight in egypt kochia indica wight in egypt. Among kochia s advocates is utah rancher bob adams. Kochia kohkeeah is named for german botanist wilhelm daniel joseph koch, 5 march 1771 14 november 1849, professor of medicine and botany. Seeds have been stored without deterioration at 30 c.
Luckily, there are a wide variety of herbicides to control the pest in cereals. This study reports antifungal activity of nbutanol fraction of methanolic leaf extract of kochia indica wight against macrophomina phaseolina and its phytocomponents. March pres avoid this epp herbicides applied march 22, 2011 for kochia control ahead of corn, tribune, ks. If this has piqued your curiosity, read this article for more detailed kochia plant info. Kochia seeds are short lived in the soil, with most of the seeds dying after one year. The type species of both kochia and bassia are in the c 4 group. Schrad macrophomina, were bioassayed to determine their acaricidal activities against. Kochia stems sometimes appear reddish late in the season. Pdf mutageneic effects of kochia indica extract on vicia. Its common names include burningbush, ragweed, summer cypress, mockcypress, kochia, belvedere, mexican firebrush, and mexican fireweed. Mutageneic effects of kochia indica extract on vicia faba l. The spread of glyphosateresistant kochia populations throughout western kansas, and the difficulty growers have had controlling these populations, suggest that perhaps control measure should begin prior to emergence of kochia. Rapid deterioration of seed in open storage at laboratory. Annual or biennial herb, up to 2 m, softly villous or pubescent, stem pale, brown to yellowish, with many spreading branches from the base and distant leaves.
Kochia s seeds have a short life in the soil, so control can be achieved in a single year. This study presents an experimental investigation of the dietary inclusion effect of dried kochia indica wight k tree foliages on growth performance and nutrient digestibility of growing rabbits. The kochia chronicles owe their genesis to the authors experiences in conducting research and advancing technologybased social ventures in east africa. Scoparia skopair eeuh is dead latin for broomlike green deanesitemized plant profile. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Kochia definition of kochia by the free dictionary. How to grow belvedere, burning bush and other kochia plants. Kochia scoparia grass is an attractive ornamental plant or a troublesome invasive species, depending on a number of factors, including geographic location and purpose for growing. A controlled experiment was run to quantify emergence of kochia indica under different temperature, salinity and. Thompson, 2011 if we have glyphosate resistant kochia, this will be a serious problem. Rabbits received kochia decoction 2 gkg by intragastric administration showed that chloride in the urine increased by 127. Pdf effect of kochia kochia indica plant density on. Normally, kochia seeds are not threshed out but are enclosed in a chaffy, paperlike hull.
Phytomass and nutrient status of kochia indica, a promising fodder. Scoparia trichophila, grown for its foliage, which turns dark red in the late summer. Kochia indica wight family amaranthaceae stored under name. They germinate quickly in the spring and are cold tolerant. It can be a major problem weed in chemical fallow, and cause severe yield reductions in crops. Hepatocellular carcinoma, kochia indica, 5fluorouracil, cells of hepatoma cell line, chemosensitization. Plants of the kochia genus are hardy or half hardy annuals that reach from 60 to 90 cm in height. Kochia can accumulate high levels of nitrate and will escape from cultivation and become a weed. The large quantity of high protein seed makes kochia valuable for poultry feed friesen et al. Linearlanceolate, sessile, acute, pubescent or villous on both sides, base tapering. See table 1 for a comparison of some of these taxa. Pdf microbial diversity of the rhizosphere of kochia kochia indica.
It is selfseeding, highyielding, waterefficient plant with no serious disease or insect pests. Add to cart add to cart add to cart add to cart customer rating. Farmers in dry areas, including the southwest, have grown kochia as a droughtresistant forage crop on lands where other crops are difficult to. Download download balamangalam pdf read online read online balamangalam pdf. The distribution of the fungus in different parts of the host has been studied in detail. Zimdahl, in fundamentals of weed science fifth edition, 2018. Report of the french accounting board explained that over documents of archives. Growers should soon begin planning their program for controlling kochia. Roth, also known as fireweed, burning bush or summer cypress, was introduced to the united states around 1900 as an ornamental from eurasia. Controlling this weed can be challenging, but it helps to understand the biology of kochia. Both kochia and fivehook bassia flower in late summer to early fall. Because of its nutritive value and positive impact on rangeland environments,forage kochia has been praised as the alfalfa of the desert.
Kochia is native to eastern europe and western asia. A tall, erect, branched annual with stem and branches more or less woolly, white triate. Compounds 16 have been isolated for the first time from genus kochia and compound 7 is first reported from family. Effect of kochia kochia indica plant density on yield and some. Susceptible kochia kochia scoparia cambridge university press.
They like to grow in sunny areas which have a soil ph of 6 to 7. Kochia is grown on dry pastures, rangelands and cropland with alkaline soils. Quantification of seedling emergence of kochia kochia indica. Since the introduction of kochia indica into egypt, regarding which. Native to southern and eastern russia, kochia was introduced into north america from europe. Sporobolus arabicus, suaeda fruticosa, kochia indica and atriplex lentiformis. Kochia indica wight the plant list molecular phylogeny of camphorosmeae camphorosmoideae, chenopodiaceae. Kochia scoparia grass information about kochia control in. Jun 11, 2015 kochia seeds can end up in and are tolerated so some degree in most seed lots. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. It can be planted when soil temperatures are as low as 50f. Bassia scoparia is a large annual herb in the family amaranthaceae native to eurasia. Both species have a taproot, usually with few to several branched, fibrous lateral roots. Extracts of an annual herbaceous plant, kochia scoparia l.1213 1165 613 1100 1141 323 1366 829 617 1318 8 272 211 228 849 435 608 37 1393 610 831 1 928 962 317 1500 47 15 924 1040 1126 1384 389 707