Lastly it proposes some security mechanisms against these threats in wireless sensor network. Analysis and overview of routing protocols and security. In this paper, we investigate the security related issues and challenges in wireless sensor networks. In addition, wireless sensor networks is an emerging technology and have great potential to be employed in critical situations like battlefields and commercial applications such as building, traffic surveillance, habitat monitoring and smart homes and many more scenarios. Introduction ne of fundamental goals for wireless sensor networks wsns is to collect information from the physical world. But these issues as a whole for application scenarios in healthcare perspective have not yet been covered extensively. Background the design and development of wearable sensors enable user to monitor physiological data using wireless sensor networks wsns in healthcare. These sensor networks are used in sensitive, unattended and remote environment. Wireless sensor networks introduction to wireless sensor networks february 2012 a wireless sensor network is a selfconfiguring network of small sensor nodes communicating among themselves using radio signals, and deployed in quantity to sense, monitor and understand the physical world. Keywordschallenges, issues, security, wireless sensor network wsn 1. Wireless sensor networks or simply sensor networks. Cambridge core wireless communications principles of wireless sensor networks.
One of the major challenges wireless sensor networks face today is security. Principles of wireless sensor networks by mohammad s. Here some typical and promising applications of wsns 2,7. Wireless sensor networks once deployed should be able to work without any human intervention. In this paper we discuss some security threats and challenges faced by wsns.
One is the attack against the security mechanisms and another is against the basic mechanisms like routing mechanisms. Data security in unattended wireless sensor networks. Wireless sensor networks wsns have recently attracted a lot of interest due to the. The intent of this paper is to investigate the security related issues and challenges in wireless sensor networks. Wsn is a collection of tiny, large number of densely deployed sensor node. Together, these technologies have combined to enable a new generation of wsns that differ greatly from wireless networks developed. Wsn nodes have less power, computation and communication compared to manet nodes. An applicationdriven perspective on wireless sensor network. Attacks in wireless sensor networks attacks against wireless sensor networks could be broadly considered from two different levels of views. Randomized multicast improves upon the insecurity of deterministic multicast by. Conference paper pdf available december 20 with 20,392 reads how we measure reads a read is counted each time someone views a. Wireless sensor networks consist of tiny senor nodes with limited computing and communicating capabilities and, more importantly, with limited energy resources. Advanced antijamming techniques such as frequency hopping spread spectrum and. It should be able to manage the network configuration, adaptation, maintenance, and repair by itself 7,8.
Pdf issues and challenges in wireless sensor networks. A recent survey article on security issues in mobile ad hoc networks also included an overview of security issues in wsns 15. Wireless sensor networks have become an important research topic in last years. Pdf the significant advances of hardware manufacturing technology and the development of efficient. Wireless sensor networks consist of a large number of pocket sized sensors deployed in autonomous manner in the area under surveillance. The adhoc nature of sensor networks means no structure can be statically defined. The sinks are typically a gateway to another network, a storage centre, or an access point for human interface. A smart sensor contains its own datasheet parameters in memory and has a standard interface for wired or wireless connections, such as zigbee or wifi. In contrast, for wireless sensor networks, the systems are wireless, have scarce power, are realtime, utilize sensors and actuators as interfaces, have dynamically changing sets of resources, aggregate behavior is important and location is critical. Many authors have suggested these issues as important.
Networking issues in wireless sensor networks deepak ganesan, alberto cerpa, wei ye, yan yu, jerry zhao, deborah estrin abstract the emergence of sensor networks as one of the dominant technology trends in the coming decades 1 has posed numerous unique challenges to researchers. Cryptography,steganography and other basics of network security and their applicability can be used to address the critical security issues in wsn. Wireless sensor networks wsn provide a bridge between the real physical and virtual worlds allow the ability to observe the previously unobservable at a fine resolution over large spatiotemporal scales have a wide range of potential applications to industry, science, transportation, civil infrastructure, and security. Introduction wireless sensor network is a wireless network comprises of spatially independent distributed devices using sensors in attempt to monitor physical and environmental conditions. The number of sensor nodes in a sensor network can be several orders of magnitude higher than the nodes in an ad hoc network. To address the critical security issues in wireless sensor networks we talk about. Background of wsn the advances on miniaturization techniques and wireless communications have made possible the creation and subsequent development of the wireless sensor networks wsn paradigm. Embedded devices with very limited resource must implement complex, distributed, adhoc networking protocols. Pdf security vulnerabilities in wireless sensor networks. They have a wide range of applications and are used in almost every field like agriculture, industry, public safety and health. Recent advances insemiconductor, networking and material science technologies are driving the ubiquitous deployment of largescale wireless sensor networks wsns. So far, the main research focus has been on making sensor networks feasible and useful, and less emphasis was placed on security.
Since nodes may fail or be replaced the network must support self configuration. To address the growing use of sensor technology in this area, a new field known as wireless body area networks wban or simply ban has emerged. Security and privacy issues in wireless sensor networks. Here we point out the major attacks in wireless sensor networks. After the sensor nodes are deployed, they are responsible for selforganizing an appropriate network infrastructure often with multihop communication with them. Karamjot kaur department of computer applications,gianizail singh campus college of engineering and technology, bathinda abstract wireless sensor systems are set to end up a really pervasive innovation that will influence our everyday lives in vital ways. The most concerned security issues in sensor networks are the same with the. However, the article did not discuss cryptography and intrusion detection issues. In this paper, we investigate the physical layer security pls of a wireless sensor network wsn that consists of a base station bs, multiple sensor nodes sns, and multiple energylimited.
The key issues in wsn are security, energy consumption and proper communication. Some possible security attacks in wireless sensor network are sink hole attack, sybil attack, selective. Manets have high degree of mobility, while sensor networks are mostly stationary. Pdf wireless sensor networks have become a growing area of research and development due. Overview of wireless sensor network security javier lopeza and jianying zhoub auniversity of malaga, spain binstitute for infocomm research, singapore 1.
C kerala university, thiruvananthapuram kerala email id. The application domains of wireless sensor networks are diverse due to the availability of micro sensor and lowpower wireless communication. The security issues of mobile adhoc networks and infrastructure supported wireless networks are briefly compared and contrasted to the security concerns of wireless sensor networks. In this chapter we outline communication networks, wireless sensor networks and smart sensors, physical transduction principles, commercially available wireless sensor systems, self. Sensor networks share common failure issues such as link failures and congestion with traditional distributed wired and wireless networks, as well as introduce new fault sources such as node failures. The focus is normally on security related issues in general wireless sensor networks. Security and privacy issues in wireless sensor networks for. Sensor networks consists of hundreds of thousands of nodes. A survey of key distribution in wireless sensor networks. Encryption and key exchange in wireless sensor networks. Ecb mode must not be used because of its insecurity against replay attacks and. In this paper we surveyed all the possible security attacks and all the geographical routing protocols in wsn. In this section gives a nice survey on applications of wireless sensor networks.
Since nodes may fail or be replaced the network must support self. The differences between sensor networks and ad hoc networks are 4. It is done by the unauthorized node that eavesdrop the packets exchanged between the sensor nodes during their communication. This paper analyzes security challenges in wireless sensor networks and summarizes key issues that should be solved for achieving the ad hoc security.
Having thus found a solution for practical sensor networking, the next essential enabler to seek was a suitable power source for wireless sensor nodes. Size reduction of sensor nodes is essential to cut costs and create more security issues in wireless sensor networks. Physical layer secure access physical layer secure access in wireless sensor networks could be provided by using frequency hopping. In this chapter we evaluate the power consumption of publickey algorithms and investigate whether these algorithms can be used within the power constrained sensor nodes. However, there are several types of sensor network, helps to trace the challenges to make secure network. Review on security issues in wireless sensor networks. Numerous applications such as heart rate monitor, blood pressure monitor and endoscopic capsule are already in use. Wireless sensor networks wsn are increasingly deployed in environments were. A survey of security issues in wireless sensor networks. The use of wireless sensor networks wsn in healthcare applications is growing in a fast pace. Security is a crucial issue for wireless sensor networks due to the deployment nature and the resources limitations of tiny sensor devices used in such networks. Mar 12, 2010 the use of wireless sensor networks wsn in healthcare applications is growing in a fast pace.
Problem healthcare applications based on wsns are not addressing security and privacy issues. Security attacks and challenges of wireless sensor network. Wireless sensor network wsn is an emerging technology that shows great promise for various futuristic applications both for mass public and military. We explore various types of threats and attacks against wireless sensor network in section 3. Oct 25, 20 the security issues in manets are more challenging than wired networks and security in sensor networks is even more difficult than in manets due to the resource limitations. In recent years, the design and implementation of the wireless sensor networks is widely chosen for. Threat models and security issues in wireless sensor networks. Nodes may be deployed by airdrop, so nothing is known of the topology prior to deployment. Next classification of attacks is based on network. It is true that security of wireless networks is a global issue that needs to be addressed. Wireless sensor network security issues linkedin slideshare. Wsn consists of hundreds or thousands of low cost, low power and self. Wireless sensor networks may be considered a subset of mobile adhoc networks manet.
Wireless sensor networks wsn are emerging as both an important new tier in the. Threat models and security issues 31 in outsider attack attacker has no access to wireless sensor network. Wsns, sensor networks, leach,design issues, applications. Security issues and challenges in wireless sensor networks ms. Security issues and challenges in wireless sensor networks. The study of wireless sensor networks is challenging in that it requires an enormous breadth of knowledge from an enormous variety of disciplines.884 541 718 472 1111 1494 1587 53 767 1146 1161 213 496 919 736 614 404 1640 1482 1028 524 1253 1616 1119 14 164 1476 1006 307 562 1278 1147 180 77 1203 708 1280 1492 744 536 472 473 578 390 1155 303 652